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Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

Respiratory tract infection is an infection that affects any part of the respiratory tract, from the nose, middle ear, pharynx (throat), voice box (larynx), bronchi, and lungs bronkhioli.

Types of disease are included in the upper respiratory tract infections include:
  1. Cough and cold.
  2. Sore ear (otitis media).
  3. Sore throat (pharyngitis).
While the types of diseases that include lower respiratory tract infections include:
  1. Bronchitis.
  2. Bronkhiolitis.
  3. Pneumonia.


Colds are a symptom of watery or thick liquid called mucus from the nose .
The cause of colds :

Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

1. Ineffective breathing pattern related to the inflammatory process in the respiratory tract, pain.

Goal: effective breathing pattern back.

Outcomes: Breath back to normal and increased supply of oxygen to the lungs.

  1. Provide a comfortable position at the same time can easily remove secretions.
  2. Create and maintain a free airway.
  3. Encourage the family to bring clothes looser, thinner and absorb sweat.
  4. Give oxygenation and nebulizer in accordance with the doctor's instructions.
  5. Give the medication according to the doctor's instructions (bronchodilator).
  6. Observation of vital signs, presence of cyanosis, as well as the pattern, the depth of breathing.

2. Ineffective airway clearance related to mechanical obstruction of the airway secretions, the inflammatory process, increased production of secretions.

Goal: independent of airway secretions barriers

Outcomes: a clean and airway patent, increasing spending secretions.

  1. Perform suctioning secretions if necessary.
  2. Prevent not to occur on the neck hyperextended position.
  3. Provide a comfortable position and prevent aspiration of secretions (semiprone and side lying position).
  4. Give nebulizer according to the instructions your doctor.
  5. Instruct not to give drink to prevent aspiration during the period of tachypnea.
  6. Collaboration with physicians in the provision of adequate parenteral fluid.
  7. Provide sufficient air humidity.
  8. Observations spending secretions and vital signs.

3. Anxiety related to the disease experienced by the child, the child's hospitalization

Goal: Decreasing anxiety experienced by parents

Outcomes: the family is often asked the officer and would be actively involved in caring for children.

  1. Provide sufficient information to parents (care and treatment given).
  2. Give a boost in morale to parents.
  3. Explain the treatment given and the child's response to treatment.
  4. Encourage the families to ask if they see things that are less understood / not clear.
  5. Encourage the family to engage directly and actively in their care.
  6. Observation that the level of anxiety experienced by families.

Pediatric Nurses