Nursing Care Plan for Meningitis

Meningitis is an inflammation of the leptomeninges and underlying subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Meningitis is the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the central nervous, known collectively as the meninges.

Meningitis can be caused from a direct spread of a severe infection such as an ear infection or sinus infection. In some cases, meningitis is noted after head trauma or an injury to the head or brain. There are several causes of meningitis. These include Bacterial infection, Viral infection, Fungal infection, A reaction to medications, A reaction to medical treatments, Lupus, Some forms of cancer, A trauma to the head or back. Anyone can catch meningitis. This is especially true if your immune system is weak.

Sometimes, however, they spread to the meninges from an infection in another part of the body. The meninges are composed of three layers of membranes enclosing the brain and spinal cord. Pia mater is the innermost layer. It is akin to a tissue paper that closely adheres to the brain and spinal cord, dipping into the various folds and crevices. Arachnoid mater is the middle layer. It is a filmy membrane that is joined to the pia mater by fine threads resembling a cobweb.

Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Intervention for Meningitis

Nursing Diagnosis

Acute pain

related to
  • infection process
  • toxin in the circulation

Nursing Intervention for Meningitis:
  • Place the ice bag on his head, cool clothing above the eyes, provide a comfortable head position a little bit high, range of motion exercises and active or passive masage neck muscles.
  • Support to find a comfortable position (head rather high-).
  • Give range of motion exercises active / passive.
  • Use a warm moisturizer, neck or hip.

Nursing Diagnosis

Impaired Physical Mobility

related to
  • neuromuscular damage.

Nursing Intervention for Meningitis:
  • Assess the degree of immobilization of the patient.
  • Assistive range of motion exercises.
  • Give skin care, massage with moisturizer.
  • Check the area experiencing tenderness, give air mattresses or water body alignment are functionally notice.
  • Provide training programs and the use of mobilization.