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Which is Common in Low Birth Weight (LBW)

Low birth weight babies are babies born weighing less than 2,500 grams regardless of gestational age (Wong, 2009).

Which is Common in Low Birth Weight (LBW)

1. Asphyxia
LBW, less, sufficient or more months, all have an impact on the adaptation process of breathing at birth so it had birth asphyxia. LBW requires speed and resuscitation skills.

2. Breathing disorders
Breathing disorders are common in preterm LBW is hyaline membrane disease, whereas in LBW more months is meconium aspiration. LBW who suffered breathing disorders should be immediately referred to a higher referral facility.

3. Hypothermia
Occurs because only the least body fat and body temperature regulation system in the newborn immature. Kangaroo method with "skin to skin contact" helps LBW keep warm.

4. Hypoglycemia
Because only the least energy savings in newborns with low birth weight. LBW breastfed as soon as possible after birth and drink very often (every 2 hours) in the first week.

5. The issue of breastfeeding
Because body size is very small, less energy, weak, small stomach and can not suck.
LBW often get the milk with the aid, requiring breastfeeding in smaller amounts but often. LBW with more than 35 weeks gestation and birth weight more than 2000 grams can generally straight sucking.

6. Infection
Because the immune system is immature LBW. Families and health professionals who care for LBW should take action to prevent infection such as by washing hands properly.

7. Jaundice (high bilirubin levels) due to immature liver function. LBW become yellow earlier and longer than in infants who weigh enough.

8. Bleeding problems
Related to the immaturity of the blood clotting system at birth. Giving the injection of vitamin K 1 soon after birth (within the first 6 hours) for all newborns can prevent the occurrence of this bleeding.

Pediatric Nurses