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Disease That Often Affects Child / Baby and Prevention


As a parent would be worried if the baby exposed to the disease. Various things will be done to prevent or treat diseases that attack the baby. Generally, a disease that attacks the baby over to a disease that attacks the immune system. The body 's immune resistance means that the child to face any changes in the nature and negative attacks that are always threatening from germs. If the immune system is not good, the child will be susceptible to disease.

As a parent, be alert to some disease that often affects children. Here are some diseases that often affects children you should be aware.

1. Influenza (Flu)


Influenza is not only attacking baby and toddler, adults too often disease Influenza. The cause of influenza is the influenza virus. The symptoms of influenza are usually preceded by a cold, fever / high heat, child chills, sore throat, muscle aches, and eyes feel hot and red.

How to Treat :
Most influenza disease can be cured by itself (self-limited disease). Children were asked to rest enough, vitamin C, and given a drink that much.

How to Prevention :
Given the flu virus spread through the air or sneezing, the child should wear a mask so that the virus is not transmitted through the air and droplet.


2. Sore throat


Sore throat (pharyngitis) is an infection of the throat. The disease is caused by a virus and is transmitted through saliva fine grains (droplet) containing germs in the air and inhaled while breathing.
Symptoms of strep throat include fever, sore throat, cough, ached in muscles, headaches, and the tears, but no red eye.

How to Treat :
Generally Sore throat can heal itself though not treated, enough with plenty of rest and eat nutritious food. Usually the administration of drugs in the form of symptomatic drugs to overcome the disturbance. When mild, laryngitis need at least 3-5 days to cure.

How to Prevention :
Prevention of sore throat by avoiding children of people affected by sore throat. If not possible, the child can use the mask. In addition, provide nutritious food and adequate rest.


3. Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a symptom of a disorder or disease gastrointestinal infections. The reason could be by rotavirus, bacteria, or material that is not needed by the body. Generally, due to rotavirus in through the mouth. Handling is not necessarily to provide antidiarrheal medication. Let the body remove unnecessary things from the body.

How to Treat :
During the attack of diarrhea, the child should always get nutrition and adequate fluid. If there is still a baby, give breast milk intake. Supply should be more than that released by the body. Usually, children can also be given sugar - salt solution or oral rehydration salts, or ORS specifically for children. Give each child after diarrhea.

How to Prevention :
Diarrhea is usually caused due to hygiene factors. Live to always maintain personal hygiene and the environment is to get children to wash their hands before and after eating.



4. Typhoid


Typhoid is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. These bacteria usually live in dirty water, contaminated food, and other dirty environments. The incubation period of typhoid average of 7-14 days. Common symptoms include fever typhoid fever with temperatures 38-39 degrees Celsius, headache, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea or even constipation (difficult bowel movements) for a few days.

How to Treat :
Proper handling of typhoid is to follow the advice given by a physician. And taking medicine provided by your doctor. In addition, multiply the time to rest, not a lot of moving and drink a lot.
Healing time typhus usually takes two weeks to one month. Typhus patients do not eat foods high in fiber, too risky foods cause contractions in digestion, such as spicy or acidic foods. Patients will be better to consume high protein such as meat, eggs, milk, tofu, tempeh, and others.

Pediatric Nurses