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Home Care : How to Care for a Child with Measles

How to Care for a Child with Measles. Measles is caused by a virus that is easily transmitted. However, measles is not a serious and dangerous disease. We can take care of their own children with measles at home. It is important, always be alert and take precautions against the danger of complications, due to decreased endurance due to the disease.

Knowing the symptoms

Symptoms in the first level are similar to the symptoms of influenza or other diseases caused by viruses. At first it appears the typical signs, namely the emergence of grayish- white spot at the tip of the needle circled reddish color that appears on the mucous membranes of the cheek, near the molars.

After 4-5 days, the rash occur in several parts of the body, such as the face, nape of the neck, upper arms and legs. The symptoms are similar to influenza, cough and cold which is getting worse. In addition, the mucous membranes in the oral cavity becomes reddish, so that the mouth and lips were red. Patients also feel itching all over the body.

After that is completed, the original body temperature up and down is not necessarily the body heat can rise to 40 degrees Celsius, will gradually return to normal. Similarly, the rash will disappear and leave dark scars.

Home Care
  • In the first stage, the child feels the glare when seeing bright light. Therefore extinguish or reduce the bedroom lights.
  • If the child's body temperature rises to 40 degrees Celsius for more than half an hour, try to compress with warm water. If the eyes feel hot, compressed with cold water. We recommend that you do not wrap the child's body with a thick blanket.
  • If the third phase (phase of healing) the child's body temperature does not decrease, it is necessary to be aware of the presence of complications, due to a decrease in immune system of children. Complications arise easily in children who from the beginning had a low immune system. For example, children with malnutrition . Circumstances worsened if the child is suffering from complications. Complications arising usually in the form of pneumonia and encephalitis. If such circumstances, should seek help from a doctor.
  • When the situation improved, and recovered appetite, try to provide nutritious foods. There is a possibility of malnourished children after measles disease and loss of appetite.
  • Measles sick child will lose appetite and drinking. Seek the child to drink fluids as often as possible.
  • Clean the body with warm water. Children with high body temperature, should not be bathed first, simply cleaned with cloth and warm water.
  • Can be supplied powder on the child's body, to relieve itching.
  • Seek for children to stay at home and do not play around with his friends, considering the disease is easily transmitted.


To prevent children from measles epidemic when it occurs, can ask the doctor to give immunizations. Preventive injections are usually given to children aged nine months. If still exposed to measles, it will cause milder symptoms than children who are not immunized.

The provision of good nutrition and appropriate for children need to be considered. Good endurance allows children avoid complications from measles.

Pediatric Nurses